Hot peppers fertilizer, the spicy pepper (peperoncino) is a plant widely cultivated in vegetable gardens and often also kept in pots. It requires relatively little space, compared to a very generous and abundant production, also considering that the fruits are mostly used as a condiment.
The plant (Capsicum) belongs to the Solanaceae family, in the spicy varieties, it is loaded with chilies with a very pleasant aesthetic result, which gives it an ornamental value.
It is a rather demanding species: to develop well requires certain cultural care and fertile soil. There are numerous varieties of chili peppers, with different degrees of spiciness, so everyone can choose which one to sow according to their tastes.
Fertilization is certainly an important aspect to successfully cultivate this plant, below we see how to fertilize the soil correctly and which are the most suitable fertilizers for chillies.
Type of soil and fertilization
Cultivation techniques are crucial for the success of hot peppers, even if they are certainly not the only factor in the field. As we all know, in fact, even the climate and the soil matter a lot: on the one hand, temperatures and rainfall, on the other, the physical, chemical and biological parameters of the soil.
Another factor to take into account is fertilization, which is very often influenced by the variables described above. It is therefore necessary to define the real needs of the plant.
By observing the soil we can identify the different characteristics, in particular if a soil is very loose, i.e. rich in particles of sand and skeleton, it is very easy to manage in terms of processing, but tends to quickly become depleted of nutrients and must be adequately enriched in continuously.
A fine-grained soil, in which there is a lot of clay and silt, is usually more fertile and keeps the organic substance longer, as it contains. less air which causes oxidation.
By working the land we have available we will be able to know it more and more and also to understand the fertilization needs of our garden.
Find out more about, feed plants with algae (lithotamnium)
Basic amendments: the importance of organic matter
For all soils it is always good practice to provide a distribution of basic soil improvers, which provide the organic substance that must never be in short supply. A good content of organic matter in the soil ensures a good structure, nourishment for all soil organisms and ultimately also mineral elements for plants.
This applies to the cultivation of any vegetable, chillies are certainly no exception: when we are working the soil and we distribute compost, manure or poultry, we do it over the entire surface to nourish the soil and make it fertile and rich. On average, 3 kg / m2 of compost or manure, well mature, are recommended, while if it is manure, which is much more concentrated, we must stay much lower.
Indicatively, a good compost contains, for example, 1% nitrogen, and manure about 3%. If we use the common pelleted manure, which is dehydrated, we must distribute it in much lower quantities (2oo-300 grams per square meter can be an indicative value).
Avoid excess fertilizer
Even with organic fertilizers, we must be careful not to abound in distribution. All vegetables suffer from deficiencies or excesses of nutritional elements, even hot peppers.
In particular, too much nitrogen makes the plant tissues more exposed to aphid bites, to which peppers are subject, and fungal diseases. If we choose to cultivate inspired by the organic method, it is important to prevent all adversities even starting from correct and balanced fertilizations.
It is also true that bell peppers, sweet and spicy, are demanding in terms of nutrition and therefore we must not even distribute too sparing doses.
Fertilizers and stimulants
In addition to the normal organic or natural mineral fertilizers that provide the necessary nutritional elements to the plants, special fertilizers with a particular bio-stimulating effect have been successfully developed.
Natural Booster-based fertilizers contain a molecule of plant origin that has the effect of stimulating the root development of plants and enhancing the resistance of plant tissues, as well as providing nutrients. They are products authorized in organic cultivation, and are found in different types.
For the fertilization of hot peppers we could choose “home garden” or even simply the “universal fertilizer” which is suitable for all types of plants. They are distributed very simply by broadcasting in the case of crops in the ground and the 750 m2 format is used for about 15 m2 of vegetable garden, while if the peppers are grown in pots, they mix with the soil.
Promoting the development of the roots of plants has the advantage of making them more capable of easily obtaining water and nourishment from the soil. The pepper is also a species characterized by superficial roots, so this advantage can be even more important.
When and how to fertilize chillies
The basic soil improvers are distributed during the tillage, but it is not advisable to bury them with a dig that would take them too deep. The roots of the chili plant are not very deep, so they do not take advantage of substances found in the soil layers that they cannot reach.
Instead, it is better to spread the fertilizers during hoeing, in order to mix them well with the first layers of earth.
Soil preparation should ideally be done sometime before the pepper transplant, which takes place, depending on where you are, between April and May. Working and distributing compost or manure at least in March would be good for these to start being eaten and processed by soil microorganisms.
For granular fertilizers such as pelleted manure it is good to avoid putting handfuls in the transplant hole, but prefer a broadcast distribution over the whole space. In fact, the roots of the seedling are destined to expand, and a concentration in the transplant hole alone would be useless.
Hot peppers fertilizer for pots
- Chillies are among the simplest species to grow in pots, but in this case they require more attention to irrigation and fertilization.
- The limited space of the container in fact does not allow to have a “reservoir” of useful substances sufficient to support the plant throughout its cycle and reach a rich production.
As anticipated when talking about granular fertilizers, it is good to mix the products with the soil, and this also applies to compost or manure.
Since the cultivation cycle of chilli peppers is long, it is useful during the season to top up with new fertilizer. Once the cultivation has started, liquid fertilizers can also be used to be used as fertigation, the Natural Booster biostimulant is also available in liquid form.
You may be interested to read about the Carolina reaper grow guide/ Naga morich pepper grow guide/ Calabrian chilli grow guide/ Habanero pepper cultivation/ Jalapeño pepper blogpost/ Germinating seeds Recipe/ Stuffed baguette with peppers recipe/ Italian roasted peppers recipe/ Hot pepper jam recipe/ bbq vinaigrette recipe.