Grow rosemary, is one of the most classic aromas used in traditional cuisine, excellent both to flavor meat and cooking vegetables (legumes and potatoes especially). Whether in a pot or the garden should not be missing a plant at hand than any kitchen.
It is a very resistant plant and consequently very simple to cultivate, it is part of the Lamiaceae family, just like basil and sage.
Below we learn how to cultivate this aromatic officinal: sowing, cutting, pruning, harvesting, and all that is needed to keep the plant healthy.
The rosemary plant
The rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a perennial evergreen shrub that forms simple bushes to keep order, can therefore occupy a corner in the garden without a problem, or make a good show on the balcony, it is convenient to have it near the kitchen so that they could grasp a sprig to the Occurrence and use it directly. The leaves of this aromatic plant are characteristic, narrow and long, and are the most fragrant parts, so they use it as a spice. The rosemary flowers between white and purple appear in spring and are edible as the leaves.
The land and the climate suitable for rosemary
Climate. Rosemary is a Mediterranean plant, loves heat and good sun exposure. However it fits well even to be held in half shadows and resists in the cold, it can also be cultivated in the mountains. It can be damaged by long-lasting frosts.
Land. This is very adaptable cultivation, which prefers the arid and dissolved land, does not particularly fear drought. Well then at a sandy bottom that is draining, it is not a great wealth of organic matter, it is instead important that the land where this aromatic herb is cultivated is not too moist. If you want to cultivate the rosemary in a very compact and clayey plot better to mix a little sand before planting it, to make the soil lighter and drain.
The evergreen plant of rosemary can be sowed in various ways: starting from the seed but also by cutting or spreading.
Rosemary sowing is possible, but little used. Since this aromatic is easily developed by rooting the cutting or partition of the BESPI has little meaning investing time in germinating seeds. Wanting to sow anyway the correct period to do so is spring so that the plant can then grow in a temperate climate.
Multiplying the rosemary plants is very simple, just take a sprig of about 10/15 cm long from an existing plant, better to choose it in the lower part of the plant, as close as possible to the roots. At this point the leaves are removed, leaving them only on the top and speaks a little the bark at the base of the spring, where it will have to root.
He expects to see the roots appear, leaving the sprig (3 -7 days) in the water and then planting it in the vase. Once the rosemary seedling is obtained, it is possible to transplant in full-field or move to a greater size vessel if you want to keep it on the balcony. As a period the twigs for the cutting can be disconnected at any time, but better than the climate is mild, the same applies to transplantation, which is advisable to do in spring (northern Italy) or autumn (south and warm zones).
Sixth of implant
The rosemary is a bushy shrub, generally, in the domestic garden, there is a single plant, which should be sufficient to satisfy the needs of the family regarding this spice. If you want to cultivate rosemary by putting more than one plant better to keep 50/70 cm away between a bush and the other. In the garden, you can also create flower beds or small hedges of rosemary.
How to Cultivate Rosemary
Officinal rosemary is one of the easiest plants to grow in the garden: being a perennial it does not need to be sown every year and consequently occupies a fixed place. The care it requires is very few. The plant is always green but stops growing with excessive heat (aestivation) if grown in warm areas or during the winter where the climate is more rigid.
Irrigation. Rosemary loves arid climates and is often satisfied with the humidity of the air. It requires constant irrigation during its first year of life, then watering is done only in periods of heat and dryness and in any case with great moderation. In any case, the plant should never be too wet, to avoid root rot.
Fertilization. This is not a necessary operation, can help once or twice a year a supply of nutrients, favoring slow-release fertilizers (not liquid fertilizers). The intake of nitrogen and potassium is useful to favor blooms.
Diseases and parasites
Rosemary is not very afraid of adversity, if you avoid the stagnations that cause root rot, problems will hardly occur. Among the insects, there is a small metallic green beetle attracted to rosemary flowers and leaves, the rosemary Chrysoline (Chrysolina Americana).
Grow rosemary in vase
This officinal plant is also perfect for culture on the balcony, we have dedicated an article right at the rosemary in the vase. The size of the vessel can be variable about the size of the plant. If you have the possibility better to choose a big vessel, which will ask for less irrigation and will allow rosemary a better development. The land to use must be dissolved and draining (mixed sand peat for example) and a fed gravel or clay background to ensure the water drain is always a good precaution. This is a plant to be wet rarely (every 10-15 days) and better not to have the seed that is potentially harmful to form.
No special prunings are needed for the rosemary plant, the branches can be cut to adjust the size of the shrub. This plant does not particularly suffer when it is punctured.
This aromatic is collected at need, cutting the tops of the plant branches. Rosemary can be grasped all year round, even during flowering (the flowers themselves are edible). The collection also serves to maintain the size of the plant and to stimulate the fingers of the jets.
Storage and use in the kitchen
Being an always green aromatic conservation is not a problem that arises for those who cultivate rosemary in the garden or a vase. Every time you need you can take a sprig of rosemary and use it directly in the kitchen. It is however possible to dry this spice, which keeps its aroma enough. Chopping dry rosemary along with other spices and salt you can do an excellent seasoning for roasts, meat, and fish.
Property: Property of Rosemary
Rosemary is an officinal plant that encloses essential oils in its leaves and has useful properties to the organism. In particular, this spice, like several other aromatic, is said to have excellent digestive properties and generally a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal apparatus. We also speak, among the various benefits, of toning action, of deodorant property, and to favor diuresis.
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